Lioness by Alice Perry. In Southern Tanzania it is possible to track lions on foot in Selous Game Reserve.
Widespread 7 Grey-breasted Francolin, Tanzania Red-billed Hornbill, Emin’s (D’Arnaud’s) Barbet, Yellow-collared Lovebird, Grey-breasted Illadopsis, Ashy Starling and Mbulu (Olive-flanked) Robin-chat.
Central-south 3 White-lined (White-eared) Barbet, Kilombero Weaver and Kipengere Seedeater (Iringa and Njombe Highlands).
East 1 Hofmann’s (Shelley’s) Sunbird.
Southeast 1 Reichenow’s (Forest) Batis (presumably also occurs in Mozambique).
Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia 10 Vulturine Guineafowl, Red-bellied (Orange-bellied) Parrot, Short-tailed Lark, Somali Crombec, Banded Warbler (Parisoma), Kenya (Pale) White-eye, Golden-breasted Starling, Fischer’s Starling, Bare-eyed Thrush and Black-bellied Sunbird.
Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia 2 Friedmann’s Lark and Black-capped Social-weaver.
Tanzania, Kenya and Somalia 10 Fischer’s Turaco, White-headed Mousebird, Mombasa Woodpecker, Eastern Black-headed Batis, Zanzibar Boubou (and Zanzibar), Long-tailed Fiscal, Coastal Cisticola, Little Yellow Flycatcher, Fire-fronted Bishop and Pangani Longclaw.
Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda 3 Hartlaub's Turaco, Karamoja Apalis and Lynes’s (Wailing) Cisticola.
Tanzania and Kenya 26 Sokoke Scops-owl, Usambiro (D’Arnaud’s) Barbet, Fischer’s Lovebird, Grey-crested Helmetshrike, Forest (Short-tailed) Batis, Red-throated Tit, Buff-bellied (African) Penduline-tit, Athi Short-toed Lark, Stripe-faced Greenbul, Eastern Mountain Greenbul, Mbulu White-eye, Northern Pied Babbler, Hildebrandt's Starling, Abbott's Starling, Amani Sunbird, Eastern Double-collared Sunbird, Usambara Double-collared Sunbird, Gorgeous (Beautiful) Sunbird, Tsavo Sunbird, Rufous-tailed Weaver (only just in Kenya), Jackson’s Widowbird, Taveta Golden Weaver, Kenya (Rufous) Sparrow, Swahili (Grey-headed) Sparrow, Sokoke Pipit and Southern Grosbeak-canary.
Tanzania, Kenya and Malawi 1 Kenrick’s Starling.
Tanzania, Kenya and Mozambique 3 Kretschmer’s Longbill, Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird and Zanzibar Red Bishop.
Tanzania and Malawi 3 Churring Cisticola, Shelley’s Greenbul and Spot-throat.
Tanzania and Zambia 1 Tanzanian Masked Weaver.
Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia 10 Dark Batis, Fulleborn’s Boubou, Chapin’s Apalis, Black-lored Cisticola, Sharpe’s (Yellow-streaked) Greenbul, Rusty-flanked (Olive-flanked) Robin-chat, Sharpe’s Akalat, Whyte’s (Ludwig’s/Montane) Double-collared Sunbird, Montane (Buff-shouldered) Widowbird and Yellow-browed Seedeater.
Tanzania, Zambia and Angola 1 Oustalet’s Sunbird.
Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique 3 Stierling’s Woodpecker, White-winged Apalis (possibly still present in Kenya) and Olive-headed Greenbul.
Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia 6 Black-browed Mountain Greenbul, White-chested Alethe, Forest Double-collared Sunbird, Bertram’s Weaver, Olive-headed Weaver and Vincent’s (Cape) Bunting.
Tanzania and Mozambique 3 Reichenow’s Woodpecker, Red-capped Forest-warbler (African Tailorbird) and Dapple-throat.
Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe 1 Swynnerton’s Robin.
Boehm's Bee-eater and Racket-tailed Roller. Also a chance of Pel’s Fishing Owl and Blue Swallow (mostly Oct-Mar).
Common Ostrich, Helmeted Guineafowl, Hamerkop, Saddle-billed Stork, African Darter, vultures including Lappet-faced and Palm-nut, Secretary Bird, African Fish-eagle, African Crowned and Martial Eagles, Black-bellied and Denham’s Bustards, Grey Crowned Crane, White-headed Lapwing, Temminck's Courser, African Skimmer, doves, parrots, Livingstone’s and Purple-crested Turacos, owls including Verreaux's Eagle-owl, mousebirds, kingfishers including Brown-hooded and Giant, bee-eaters including Swallow-tailed, Lilac-breasted Roller, hornbills including Pale-billed, barbets, woodpeckers, batises, Vanga (Black-and-white Shrike) Flycatcher, Retz’s and White-crested Helmetshrikes, Eastern Nicator, greenbuls, cisticolas, robin-chats, Superb Starling, Red-billed and Yellow-billed Oxpeckers, sunbirds, Yellow-throated Longclaw, weavers, Montane Marsh Widowbird and waxbills. Also a chance of pelicans, Black Heron and Greater Painted-snipe.
Lion, Leopard, Cheetah, Spotted Hyaena, African Elephant, Giraffe, Hippopotamus, African Buffalo, (Angola) Black-and-white Colobus, Iringa Red Colobus, Sanje Mangabey and Gentle Monkeys, Burchell's Zebra, Blue Wildebeest, Yellow Baboon, Honey Badger, Roan, Sable, Eland, Greater and Lesser Kudus, Waterbuck, Topi, (Lichtenstein’s) Hartebeest and Impala. Also a chance of African Wild Dog, Kipunji Monkey and Chequered Elephant Shrew.
Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish
Nile Crocodile. Also a chance of chameleons.
Over 500 butterfly species have been recorded in Udzungwa Mountains NP alone.
About a quarter of the flora, notable for its bizzy-lizzies, in Udzungwa Mountains NP is endemic, and there is a particularly rich flora, notable for its orchids, in the highland grasslands, especially in Kitulo NP.
The peak time to visit for most mammals and birds is the long dry season which usually lasts from June to October, although February is usually the peak time for plants. African Wild Dogs are easier to track down during their denning season which is normally in June-July. Short, light rains usually occur in November-December and long, heavy rains from March to May.
Field Guide to the Birds of East Africa by T Stevenson and J Fanshawe. Helm, due 2020 (Second Edition).
Field Guide to the Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania by D Pearson et al. Helm, 2005.
Birds of Africa south of the Sahara by I Sinclair and P Ryan. C Struik, 2011 (Second Edition).
The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals by J Kingdon. Bloomsbury, 2015 (Second Revised Edition).
The Kingdon Pocket Guide to African Mammals by J Kingdon. Bloomsbury, 2016 (Second Edition).
Bradt Travel Guides: East African Wildlife by P Briggs. Bradt, 2015 (Second Edition).
Watching Wildlife: East Africa by M D Firestone et al. Lonely Planet, 2009 (Second Edition).
The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals.
Audubon African Wildlife.
eGuide to Birds of East Africa.
Where to watch birds in Africa by N Wheatley. Helm, 1995.
Don’t know which country/countries to visit in Africa? Then it may be worth considering taking a look at this book, written by this website’s author. It is many years old of course but it still provides a starting point, an overview and a guiding light to the best birds and the best places to look for them on the continent, and could save hours of searching for similar information on the internet. However, it is important to check more up-to-date sources for sites which have been opened up, sites and species which have been discovered, lodges that have been built etc. since the book was published.
Many trip reports, some for Southern Tanzania, are posted on the websites listed here. On some of these websites some reports are independent and some are posted by tour companies who organize tours to Southern Tanzania. These tour companies and others also post their own reports on their websites, which are listed under 'Some Organized Tours to Southern Tanzania' below.
The costs of organized tours partly reflect the quality of the tour leaders. Some leaders are certainly better than others and many companies claim their leaders are the best but even the best rely at least to some extent on the exceptional skills of the local guides they employ. If you are travelling independently, employing such local guides will greatly increase your chances of seeing the wildlife you wish to see.
There are many tour companies who organize tours to see mammals, birds, other wildlife and other natural wonders. The cost of these tours vary considerably according to such variables as the airlines used, the number of days the tours last, the number of sites visited, the number of people in the group (an important consideration if you wish to see such wildlife as rainforest mammals and birds), the number of tour leaders, the standard of accommodation and transport, and the percentage profit the company hopes to make. Generally, where the number of days tours last and the number of sites visited are similar, the cheapest tours are those that use the cheapest airlines, accommodation and local transport, that have the largest groups with the least number of leaders, and that make the least amount of profit. The most expensive tours tend to be those which are exceptionally long, use the most expensive accommodation (ridiculously lavish in some cases, even for single nights) and which make the most profit. Some tour costs partly reflect the quality of the tour leaders. Some leaders are certainly better than others and many companies claim their leaders are the best but even the best rely at least to some extent on the exceptional skills of the local guides they employ.
While tour companies organize tours with set itineraries many also organize custom tours for individuals and private groups who instead of taking a tour with a set itinerary want to follow their own itinerary to suit their own personal tastes, whether it be mammals, birds, other wildlife, other natural wonders or even man-made attractions, or a mixture of them all. Many organized tours with set itineraries are also fast-paced and target as many species as possible, whether they are mammals, birds or other wildlife or everything, which usually leaves little time to enjoy the best sites and individual species, but on a custom tour those taking part can specify the pace and the sites and species they wish to concentrate on. Custom tours also suit people who like to travel with people they already know, rather than with a group of strangers, and they are popular with people with partners with different interests. Individuals, partners and small groups will almost certainly have to pay more for a custom tour than an organized tour with a set itinerary but a large group of friends may be able to travel for less than the price quoted for a set tour.
Tour companies who run organized tours to Southern Tanzania include the following. Many of these also offer custom tours.